Enggrong Modification Reduces Low Back Pain Risk on Sand Workers
Material handling manual work is a job at risk to worker health and safety, errors in the manual procedure of manual material handling will result in health impacts in the short and long term. One of the manual jobs of material handling is the job of lowering the sand from the top of the truck. In working the workers use a tool in the form of enggrong which is a shovel with a short handle. Due to the use of employee enggrong work with a stooped posture. This work posture raises the potential for low back pain on workers. Low back pain is a pain and/or loss of workability as a long-term risk of postural errors in activity. Low back pain occurs on low back disc L4 / L5 or L5 / S1. This study used treatment by the same subject design with a sample of 9 participants. The purpose of the study was to find out the different forces in Low back disc L4 / L5 when the worker worked using standard enggrong (Period 1 / P1) compared to using modification enggorong (Period 2 / P2). The forces in the L4 / L5 Low back disc include 1) compression, 2) anterior/posterior shear, and 3) lateral shear. Work posture data was taken using Microsoft KinectTM 3D camera and analyzed by using Siemen Jack 3D Static Strength Prediction Program (3DSSPP) method to get the force on the low back disc. The results of the analysis of the 6 work postures P1 and P2, showed a significant decrease (p <0.05) in the average compression force in the low back disc L4 / L5 on the work posture using modified enggrong. Enggrong modification lowers compression in low back disc L4 / L5 by 38.73% (P1 2143.8 ± 411.3 N; P2 1320.2 ± 418.4 N), anterior / posterior shear 46.17% (P1 542, 6 ± 103.9 N, P2 292.1 ± 81.2 N), and lateral shear 29.69% (P1 31.2 ± 22.08 N; P2 16.6 ± 14.28 N) compared with the use of enggrong standard. The threshold value for compression 3400 N and anterior / posterior shear is 700 N, then the compression and anterior / posterior shear values in Period 2 are well below the threshold. Decrease in the press force in low back disc L4 / L5 is as a result of changes in work posture workers who work using modification enggrong. It can be concluded that the use of modification enggrong can decrease the compressive force in the low back disc L4 / L5 so as to reduce the low back pain occurs to the workers.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.DECLARATION
I/We as the author of the research authorize you to publish the above mentioned paper/article in IRJEIS
It is here in agreed that:
1. I/We will not publish his/her/their above said contribution anywhere else without the prior written permission of the publisher unless it has been changed substantially.
2. I/We declare and warrants that his/her/their contribution is original, except for such excerpts from copyrighted works as may be included with the permission of the copyright holder and author thereof, that it contains no libelous statements, and does not infringe on any copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. The Author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors.
3. The Author also warrants that he/she has the right to enter into this Agreement, the Article contains no libelous or unlawful statements, contains no instructions that may cause harm or injury and does not violate the copyright or trademark, or infringes on the rights or the privacy of others; and that all statements in the Article asserted as facts are either true or are based upon reasonable research.
4. I/We agree to indemnify the Editors IJCU against all claims and expenses arising from any breach of warranty from me/us in this agreement.